Understanding Power Purchase Agreements: Second Edition

October 15, 2020 - October 16, 2020

Second Edition of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements 

In July 2019, the U.S. Department of Commerce's Commercial Law Development Program (in partnership with the African Legal Support Facility) brought together a group of world-class experts to update and refresh the "Understanding Power Purchase Agreements" handbook five years after the original publication. The updated handbook, funded by Power Africa, includes additional insight and case studies on the negotiation of power purchase agreements for both small and large-scale projects, along with new guidance on emerging issues in the African power markets such as commercial and industrial power purchase agreements and cross-border agreements.

The updated handbook was drafted using the Book Sprint method, which allowed our diverse group of contributors from African governments, multilateral institutions, development banks, private developers, procurement consultants, and leading international law firms, all whom contributed their time on a pro-bono basis, to complete the handbook in only five days. Version 2.0 of the handbook is available here in PDF format. The handbook is published under the Creative Commons License. Please contact Mohammed Loraoui with any questions regarding the handbook. 


Overview of Each Chapter

The authors of the Second Edition of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements prepared brief presentations giving a general overview of each chapter of the book. Please find the links to the presentations below.




Since 2013, the U.S. Government’s Power Africa initiative has sought to marshal technical, legal, and financial resources to support the goal of doubling access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Through a substantial network of public and private sector partners, Power Africa is working alongside dozens of African governments to facilitate the development of privately financed and operated power projects on a scale that will meet the continent’s power deficit.

The Understanding handbooks establish a common understanding of best practices around successful power project development. The Understanding series now includes a total of five handbooks, with 55,00 copies in print and tens of thousands more copies downloaded online. As with the previous handbooks, this handbook, which was led by CLDP and the African Development Bank’s African Legal Support Facility, is the product of a consultative process involving U.S. Government agencies, African governments, multilateral institutions, and private sector stakeholders.


The following is a list of authors who contributed to the Second Edition of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements (in alphabetical order): 

  • Mohamed Badissy, Assistant Professor, Penn State Dickinson Law (United States)
  • Alex Evans, Associate General Counsel, U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (United States)
  • Nnaemeka Ewelukwa, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Nigerian Bulk Electricity Trading PLC (Nigeria)
  • Jay Govender, Director and Head, Projects and Energy Sector, Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr Inc. (South Africa)
  • Ryan T. Ketchum, Partner, Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP (United Kingdom)
  • Mohammed Loraoui, Attorney-Advisor, U.S. Department of Commerce (United States)
  • Charles Liebenberg, Chief Financial Officer, AMEA Power (United Arab Emirates)
  • Subha Nagarajan, Managing Director, GCA Energy Financial Services - GE Capital (United States)
  • Gadi Taj Ndahumba, Head of Power Sector, African Legal Support Facility (ALSF) (Côte d'Ivoire)
  • Justin Pavry, Deputy Chief Legal Officer, Debt & Project Finance, CDC Group plc (United Kingdom)
  • Omar Vajeth, Investment Officer, African Development Bank (South Africa)

Upcoming Programs

August 1, 2020 - April 30, 2021

Throughout the quarter, CLDP engaged with numerous experts to prepare and record eight separate sessions on trade topics, specifically designed for Afghanistan’s approximately 25 Commercial Attachés posted throughout the world. In May 2018, CLDP spent one week training the same group of Attachés in a comprehensive course designed for them prior to their departure. This updated training course is intended to provide more advanced training on relevant topics now that the Attachés have been serving in their posts for more than two years.  The topics for these presentations were identified based on consultations with the Attachés and relevant stakeholders in the last quarter. Topics include drafting international contracts, attracting foreign direct investment, negotiation strategies, and two sessions on working trade shows. The series of pre-recorded virtual presentations, including translated copies of the presentations, will be delivered on a rolling basis to the Attachés. In addition, future topics will be recorded and shared with the participants. These virtual recordings will be saved in an online repository, which will be available for any interested party to view, including the private sector. 

March 15, 2021 - May 24, 2021

CLDP in close collaboration with the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) trained Bahrain Innovation and Technology Center (BITC) staff regarding filing patents in the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council).  This program was part of a CLDP/USPTO collaboration to conduct over 40 hours of intellectual property training for the BITC.  The program included training on how to obtain patents and copyrights in the US as well as other jurisdictions.  

CLDP in Action

February 24, 2021 - February 25, 2021

On February 24-25, CLDP conducted a workshop on FIDIC contracts for a delegation of Sri Lankan officials from the Attorney General’s office.

Read More about Sri Lanka: FIDIC Contracts Workshop