Europe & Eurasia

CLDP has assisted countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union with the commercial law reforms necessary to achieve economic and political integration and stability through World Trade Organization (WTO) accession. CLDP provided WTO accession technical assistance to six of the first eight post-Soviet states to join the WTO (Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Moldova) as well as Russia and Ukraine. For countries that have successfully acceded to the WTO, CLDP continues to provide technical expertise by helping those countries meet and uphold their post-accession obligations.

Recent programming is focused on a wide variety of customs, trade, and intellectual property programs – both with the public and private sectors. CLDP currently has programs in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Central Asia, Georgia, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine. Please click here to learn about CLDP's results in Europe and Eurasia.


CLDP’s current work in the region is focused on intellectual property protection and enforcement, business enabling environment capacity building, and customs and trade-related programs as a way to increase foreign direct investment and spur regional economic integration.


Goal:  CLDP’s judicial capacity building program has worked to strengthen BiH’s intellectual property regime and create a critical mass of BiH judges trained in adjudication of intellectual property disputes. CLDP helped publish BiH’s first Judicial Intellectual Property Benchbook in 2013.

CLDP’s training programs expanded to include judicial capacity building in international commercial disputes in an effort to foster a business environment conducive to increased trade and investment and economic growth in BiH. Additional programs include international best practices in public procurement, improving the protection and enforcement of collective copyright management, and promoting international commercial law and arbitration curricula in leading universities.

Program Areas:

  • Judicial training workshops on international commercial dispute topics such as international sales contracts, court-ordered mediation, international commercial instruments, bankruptcy/insolvency, and arbitration.
  • Capacity building and awareness programs with AMUS, BiH’s only collective copyright management organization.
  • Development of international commercial law and arbitration curricula for public universities throughout BiH, and assisting with BiH’s participation in the Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot.
  • Workshops on international best practices in public procurement.


Goal: CLDP’s technical assistance programs will work to improve Kosovo’s path toward developing a democratic market-based economy and strengthening its key government institutions tasked with promoting trade and investment opportunities in Kosovo.

Program Areas:

  • Multi-phased judicial capacity building program to create a critical mass of Kosovo judges trained in the adjudication of international commercial disputes and increase the capacity of the Kosovo Judicial Institute to institutionalize commercial law training for judges.
  • Support for key academic institutions, faculty, and students for their participation in the Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot.


Goal: CLDP maintains personnel in Ukraine and continues to be the focal point for programs related to implementation of WTO obligations. CLDP Ukraine staff members regularly assist the State Intellectual Property Service, the State Customs Service, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, and the Ministry of Interior.

CLDP, utilizing a Ukraine-based WTO expert advisor, will provide technical assistance to the Ukrainian government on Ukraine’s WTO rights and obligations. CLDP would also provide capacity building programs on relevant WTO subjects, including: trade facilitation, technical barriers to trade, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, trade remedies, government procurement, intellectual property, telecom/cyber-security and customs.

Program Areas:

  • Judicial capacity building program to improve the adjudication of intellectual property disputes in cooperation with the National School of Judges and the Higher Commercial Court of Ukraine. Development of a judicial benchbook on intellectual property.
  • Expanding the judicial capacity building program to include other international commercial dispute matters, such as bankruptcy and insolvency.
  • Workshops on intellectual property and innovation for government officials, academia, and other relevant stakeholders.
  • Comprehensive capacity building program with the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade on global trade analysis, economic modeling and trade policy development.
  • Workshop on the use of alternative dispute resolution for commercial disputes.
  • Engagement with the Government of Ukraine and other stakeholders on intellectual property protection and enforcement, including workshops on digital piracy and collective copyright management.


CLDP’s programs in Eurasia focus on sustainable institutional capacity development enabling economic growth, providing for increased trade and investment opportunities.


Goal: CLDP’s programs in Armenia will work to bolster innovation and R&D commercialization in Armenia, leading to increased FDI and trade and investment opportunities for Armenian SMEs; improve protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in Armenia; and work with the State Revenue Committee of Armenia and Armenia’s judiciary on customs-related capacity building programs.

Program Areas:

  • Provide comprehensive training to Armenian technology transfer specialists and help facilitate an exchange of best practices in technology transfer and R&D commercialization.
  • Judicial capacity building programs, through workshops and US Consultations, on intellectual property infringement cases and customs-related matters.
  • Technical assistance to the State Revenue Committee of Armenia on customs valuation and classification.
  • Capacity building for the Justice Academy of Armenia on judicial education, publications, and distance learning programs.
  • International best practices in public procurement and ensuring Armenia’s compliance with the WTO Government Procurement Agreement (GPA).


Goal:  CLDP’s programs in Azerbaijan focus on open government initiatives to help ensure the implementation and enforcement of its anti-corruption strategy and relevant legislation and demonstrate the benefits of a transparent, effective, and accountable government. Its program on international best practices in public procurement works to develop a legislative and regulatory public procurement framework in compliance with international standards, provide comprehensive training to Azerbaijan’s public procurement practitioners, increase the efficiency and transparency in public procurement in Azerbaijan, and improve Azerbaijan’s path toward developing a democratic market-based economy.

Program Areas:

  • Workshops utilizing international best practices to ensure fair, efficient, and transparent public procurement.
  • Implementation of an Open Government Program for the Government of Azerbaijan that will focus on international best practices and help Azerbaijan adopt, implement, and comply with international standards as embodied by its membership in the Open Government Partnership (OGP) and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC).


Goal: CLDP's programs in Central Asia aim to facilitate trade among the Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan and between the region and international trading partners, including Afghanistan. CLDP will assist Central Asian states in maximizing their trade potential, increasing export and import capacity, and stimulate regional integration. The programs aim to improve the skill and knowledge level of Central Asian states’ government officials, and support their communication and cooperation in three key areas: customs, standards, and sanitary and phystosanitary (SPS) measures. Finally, the programs will further the goals of the U.S.-Central Asia Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) and the New Silk Road Initiative.

Program Areas:

  • Develop a Customs Working Group under the Central Asia TIFA, consisting of experts from the Central Asia TIFA member states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, with Afghanistan in the observer status), and support meetings/workshops of the Working Group two to three times a year to foster regional communication and develop knowledge of international best practices in the areas of customs valuation, risk assessment, trade facilitation, and others.
  • Consonant with the Customs Working Group, develop and support the meetings of a Standards/SPS Working Group to provide a forum for regional cooperation and build capacity in the areas of requirements under the SPS and TBT WTO Agreements.


Goal: CLDP will implement number of technical assistance programs in Georgia with the aim of creating a better business enabling environment, creating new and diversified trade and investment opportunities, and improving the commercial legal framework.

Program Areas:

  • Continue CLDP’s Commercial Diplomacy and World Trade Program for Georgia’s Diplomatic Corps on promoting Georgian exports and engaging potential foreign investors. Publication of a Georgian International Economic Diplomacy Manual. Develop institutionalized commercial diplomacy curricula for the Ministry of Foreign Affair’s Diplomatic Training Center.
  • Implement trade policy analysis and negotiation training for the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development and other Government of Georgia officials. Initiation of a multi-phase franchising program for the public and private sector of Georgia.
  • Capacity building for the High School of Justice of Georgia on judicial education, publications, and distance learning programs.
  • Capacity building program on international disputes and investment contracts for the Ministry of Justice of Georgia.
  • Capacity building program on international commercial disputes for Georgian legal professionals.
  • Continue to provide technical assistance to the National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia “Sakpatenti” and the Georgian Copyright Association.
  • Continue with technical assistance to improve intellectual property protection and enforcement in Georgia through judicial trainings on intellectual property infringement cases and collective copyright awareness raising events.


Goal: Improve the coordination and collaboration among the Kyrgyz Republic’s State Customs Service and other agencies tasked with intellectual property protection and enforcement; the skill and knowledge level of Customs officials in the identification of IP infringing goods; and the capacity of the judiciary to provide fair, consistent, and efficient adjudication of IP cases. CLDP will also work to increase enforcement of the current public procurement law, encourage legislative and regulatory adoption of international public procurement standards, and accession to the WTO Government Procurement Agreement.

Program Areas:

  • Build capacity in key Kyrgyz government agencies on intellectual property protection and enforcement.
  • Judicial capacity building program on adjudication of intellectual property infringement cases.
  • Capacity building trainings that promote an efficient and transparent public procurement regulatory system in Kyrgyzstan.

CLDP in Action

February 22, 2017 - February 23, 2017

details coming soon