Europe & Eurasia

CLDP has assisted countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union with the commercial law reforms necessary to achieve economic and political integration and stability through WTO accession. CLDP provided WTO accession technical assistance to six of the first eight post-Soviet states to join the WTO (Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Moldova) as well as Russia and Ukraine. For countries that have successfully acceded to the WTO, CLDP continues to provide technical expertise by helping those countries meet and uphold their post-accession obligations. Recent programming is focused on a wide variety of customs, trade, and intellectual property programs – both with the public and private sectors. CLDP currently has programs in Armenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine. Please click here to learn about CLDP's results in Europe and Eurasia.


CLDP’s current work in the region is focused on intellectual property protection and enforcement, business enabling environment capacity building, and customs and trade-related programs as a way to increase foreign direct investment and spur regional economic integration.


Goal:  CLDP works to strengthen BiH’s intellectual property regime and create a critical mass of BiH judges trained in adjudication of intellectual property disputes. This year, CLDP helped publish BiH’s first Judicial Intellectual Property Benchbook.   Additionally, it has expanded its program to include judicial capacity building in international commercial disputes in an effort to foster a business environment conducive to increased trade and investment and economic growth in BiH.

Program Areas:

  • Improving the investigation, prosecution, and adjudication of intellectual property civil and criminal infringement cases.
  • Publication and dissemination of BiH’s first Judicial Intellectual Property Benchbook.
  • Judicial training workshops on international sales contracts, court-ordered mediation, international commercial instruments, bankruptcy/insolvency, and arbitration.
  • Capacity building for AMUS, BiH’s only collective copyright management organization. 


Goal: CLDP’s technical assistance programs will work to improve Kosovo’s path toward developing a democratic market-based economy and strengthening its key government institutions tasked with promoting trade and investment opportunities in Kosovo.

Program Areas:

  • Multi-phased judicial capacity building program to create a critical mass of Kosovo judges trained in the adjudication of international commercial disputes and increase the capacity of the Kosovo Judicial Institute to institutionalize commercial law training for judges.
  • Provide comprehensive training to Kosovo public procurement practitioners to increase the efficiency and transparency of public procurement in Kosovo.
  • A technical assistance program for Kosovo’s manufacturing and agricultural sectors on US import standards and regulations, and training on how to take advantage of duty-free export opportunities.
  • Support for key academic institutions, faculty, and students for their participation in the Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot.


Goal: CLDP maintains personnel in Ukraine and continues to be the focal point for programs related to implementation of WTO obligations. CLDP Ukraine staff members regularly assist the State Intellectual Property Service, the State Customs Service, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, and the Ministry of Interior.

Program Areas:

  • Judicial capacity building program to improve the adjudication of intellectual property disputes in cooperation with the National School of Judges and the Higher Commercial Court of Ukraine. 
  • Initiation of an expanded judicial capacity building program to include other international commercial dispute matters, such as bankruptcy and insolvency.
  • Workshops on intellectual property and innovation for government officials, academia, and other relevant stakeholders.
  • Comprehensive capacity building program with the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade on global trade analysis.
  • Workshop on the use of alternative dispute resolution for commercial disputes.


CLDP’s programs in Eurasia focus on sustainable institutional capacity development enabling economic growth, providing for increased trade and investment opportunities.


Goal: CLDP’s programs in Armenia will work to bolster innovation and R&D commercialization in Armenia, leading to increased FDI and trade and investment opportunities for Armenian SMEs; improve protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in Armenia; and work with the State Revenue Committee of Armenia and Armenia’s judiciary on customs-related capacity building programs.

Program Areas:

  • Provide comprehensive training to Armenian technology transfer specialists and help facilitate an exchange of best practices in technology transfer and R&D commercialization.
  • Capacity building program for Armauthor, Armenia’s only collective copyright management organization, through US Consultations and public awareness raising events.
  • Judicial capacity building programs on intellectual property infringement cases and customs-related matters.
  • Technical assistance to the State Revenue Committee of Armenia on customs valuation and classification.
  • Development of IP curricula, methodologies, and materials for Armenian academic institutions.


Goal: CLDP will implement number of technical assistance programs in Georgia with the aim of creating a better business enabling environment, creating new and diversified trade and investment opportunities, and improving the commercial legal framework.

Program Areas:

  • Continue CLDP’s Commercial Diplomacy and World Trade Program for Georgia’s Diplomatic Corps on promoting Georgian exports and engaging potential foreign investors.
  • Develop institutionalized commercial diplomacy curricula for the Ministry of Foreign Affair’s Diplomatic Training Center. 
  • Implement comprehensive WTO Trade Remedies and Dispute Resolution training for the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development and other Government of Georgia officials. 
  • Partner with key government institutions, scientific organizations, and public universities on a workshop on intellectual property and innovation.
  • Continue to provide technical assistance to the Technology Transfer Center of Georgia, the National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia “Sakpatenti”, and the Georgian Copyright Association.
  • Continue with technical assistance to improve intellectual property protection and enforcement in Georgia through judicial trainings on intellectual property infringement cases, trainings for Sakpatenti, Georgian Copyright Association, and Revenue Service of Georgia customs officials, and collective copyright awareness raising events.
  • Capacity building program on international commercial disputes for Georgian legal professionals.


Goal: Improve the coordination and collaboration among the Kyrgyz Republic’s State Customs Service and other agencies tasked with intellectual property protection and enforcement; the skill and knowledge level of Customs officials in the identification of IP infringing goods; and the capacity of the judiciary to provide fair, consistent, and efficient adjudication of IP cases. CLDP will also work to increase enforcement of the current public procurement law, encourage legislative and regulatory adoption of international public procurement standards, and accession to the WTO Government Procurement Agreement.

Program Areas:

  • Build capacity in key Kyrgyz government agencies on intellectual property protection and enforcement.
  • Judicial capacity building program on adjudication of intellectual property infringement cases.
  • Capacity building trainings that promote an efficient and transparent public procurement regulatory system in Kyrgyzstan.


CLDP in Action

April 7, 2014 - April 9, 2014

CLDP co-sponsored 11 students and faculty from the American University of Kosovo and the University of Pristina to participate in the Fourth Central European Vis Pre-Moot and Conference on InteCLDP co-sponsored 11 students and faculty from the American University of Kosovo and the University of Pristina to participate in the Fourth Central European Vis Pre-Moot and Conference on International Commercial Law and Arbitration, in Budapest, Hungary.