Understanding Power Purchase Agreements: Second Edition

October 15, 2020 - October 16, 2020

Second Edition of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements 

In July 2019, the U.S. Department of Commerce's Commercial Law Development Program (in partnership with the African Legal Support Facility) brought together a group of world-class experts to update and refresh the "Understanding Power Purchase Agreements" handbook five years after the original publication. The updated handbook, funded by Power Africa, includes additional insight and case studies on the negotiation of power purchase agreements for both small and large-scale projects, along with new guidance on emerging issues in the African power markets such as commercial and industrial power purchase agreements and cross-border agreements.

The updated handbook was drafted using the Book Sprint method, which allowed our diverse group of contributors from African governments, multilateral institutions, development banks, private developers, procurement consultants, and leading international law firms, all whom contributed their time on a pro-bono basis, to complete the handbook in only five days. Version 2.0 of the handbook is available here in PDF format. The handbook is published under the Creative Commons License. Please contact Mohammed Loraoui with any questions regarding the handbook. 


Overview of Each Chapter

The authors of the Second Edition of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements prepared brief presentations giving a general overview of each chapter of the book. Please find the links to the presentations below.




Since 2013, the U.S. Government’s Power Africa initiative has sought to marshal technical, legal, and financial resources to support the goal of doubling access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Through a substantial network of public and private sector partners, Power Africa is working alongside dozens of African governments to facilitate the development of privately financed and operated power projects on a scale that will meet the continent’s power deficit.

The Understanding handbooks establish a common understanding of best practices around successful power project development. The Understanding series now includes a total of five handbooks, with 55,00 copies in print and tens of thousands more copies downloaded online. As with the previous handbooks, this handbook, which was led by CLDP and the African Development Bank’s African Legal Support Facility, is the product of a consultative process involving U.S. Government agencies, African governments, multilateral institutions, and private sector stakeholders.


The following is a list of authors who contributed to the Second Edition of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements (in alphabetical order): 

  • Mohamed Badissy, Assistant Professor, Penn State Dickinson Law (United States)
  • Alex Evans, Associate General Counsel, U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (United States)
  • Nnaemeka Ewelukwa, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Nigerian Bulk Electricity Trading PLC (Nigeria)
  • Jay Govender, Director and Head, Projects and Energy Sector, Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr Inc. (South Africa)
  • Ryan T. Ketchum, Partner, Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP (United Kingdom)
  • Mohammed Loraoui, Attorney-Advisor, U.S. Department of Commerce (United States)
  • Charles Liebenberg, Chief Financial Officer, AMEA Power (United Arab Emirates)
  • Subha Nagarajan, Managing Director, GCA Energy Financial Services - GE Capital (United States)
  • Gadi Taj Ndahumba, Head of Power Sector, African Legal Support Facility (ALSF) (Côte d'Ivoire)
  • Justin Pavry, Deputy Chief Legal Officer, Debt & Project Finance, CDC Group plc (United Kingdom)
  • Omar Vajeth, Investment Officer, African Development Bank (South Africa)

Upcoming Programs

October 1, 2020 - December 31, 2020

 CLDP coaches will be working with the 2 Maldivian Vis Moot teams on written advocacy. The coaches will be conducting weekly webinars with the teams on helping them draft research their legal issues, formulate their arguments, and write their memoranda. First, the teams will focus on writing their claimant’s memorandum. Then, the teams will focus on writing their respondent’s memorandum. Once the teams have completed their briefs, they will focus on preparing their oral arguments. 

October 5, 2020 - December 31, 2020

On October 5, the Maldives International Arbitration Center (MIAC) had its first ever arbitration filed. CLDP will be assisting MIAC with the case management of this case – helping MIAC’s case managers process this case effectively, efficiently, and transparently.  In the process, CLDP will ensure that MIAC’s staff and case managers receive case management training on the job.

CLDP in Action

November 9, 2020

CLDP, along with INSOL International and the World Bank Group, a series of Live Forum broadcasts, providing a platform for the judiciary to discuss current issues whilst facilitating knowledge sharing. 

Read More about MENA Regional: INSOL International and World Bank Group Virtual Judicial Forum